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Medical malpractice is a legal term used to describe when a medical professional, such as a doctor, nurse, or technician, causes an injury to a patient through negligence or error. 

To win a medical malpractice case, the injured party must prove that the medical professional did not provide the standard of care that a reasonable professional would have provided in the same situation. 

The following are the common medical malpractices that you need to be aware of:


Misdiagnosis is a medical error in which a healthcare professional incorrectly diagnoses a patient’s condition. 

This can happen for several reasons, including:

  • The healthcare professional fails to order the correct tests or misinterprets the results.
  • The healthcare professional cannot access the patient’s full medical history.
  • The patient presents with atypical symptoms that are difficult to diagnose.

Misdiagnosis can have severe consequences for patients, as they may receive unnecessary or harmful treatment for a condition they do not have. In some cases, misdiagnosis can even be life-threatening.

Failure to Diagnose

A failure to diagnose is a type of medical malpractice that can occur when a doctor fails to recognize the signs and symptoms of a disease or condition. This can lead to a delayed or misdiagnosis, harming a patient’s health.

There are many reasons why a failure to diagnose may occur. A doctor may not have enough experience with a specific condition, may be unfamiliar with the symptoms, or may simply not be paying attention. Sometimes, a doctor may order the wrong tests or fail to follow up on test results.

Whatever the reason, a failure to diagnose can have serious consequences. If a disease or condition is not detected early, it can progress and become more serious. This can lead to more extensive (and expensive) treatment and, in some cases, Permanent disability or death.

Lab Errors

Labs play a critical role in the diagnostic process, and errors can occur at any stage – from collection and transportation of specimens to testing and interpretation of results.

Lab errors can be a type of medical malpractice. They can occur when a laboratory testing a patient’s sample makes a mistake in the testing process. This can lead to a misdiagnosis or incorrect treatment. Lab errors can also occur when a lab technician incorrectly labels a sample.

Surgical Errors

A surgical error is a medical malpractice that can occur during any surgery. These errors can occur due to various factors, including poor communication among the surgical team, inadequate training, or human error.

Some common types of surgical errors include wrong site surgery, leaving foreign objects in the body, performing the incorrect procedure, and causing unnecessary damage to the patient’s body. These errors can often lead to severe complications, including infection, organ damage, and even death.

Birth Injuries

Many different types of birth injuries can occur during the birthing process. Some of these injuries are due to the negligence of the medical staff, while others are due to complications that arise during childbirth. 

Birth injuries can occur as a result of medical negligence. If the medical staff fails to monitor the mother and child during labor and delivery properly, they may miss signs of distress that could lead to a birth injury. Additionally, if the medical staff uses too much force during the delivery, this can also cause a birth injury.

Anesthesia Errors

Anesthesia is critical for many medical procedures, and any error in administering it can have devastating consequences. Anesthesia errors are, unfortunately, a type of medical malpractice that can occur all too easily, and patients need to be aware of the potential risks involved.

There are a variety of ways in which anesthesia errors can occur. One common mistake is failing to monitor a patient’s vital signs during surgery properly. This can lead to severe complications or even death if the patient’s condition deteriorates and they are not quickly given the proper treatment. 

Errors can also occur when the wrong type or dosage of anesthesia is given, resulting in serious side effects or even death.


There are many types of medical malpractice, and it is essential to know about them to adequately compensate if you or a loved one is a victim. If you have been the victim of medical malpractice, contact a qualified attorney to discuss your case and get the compensation you deserve.

If you are searching for a medical malpractice lawyer in Birmingham, Al, look no further than MHM Firm. We represent our clients with diligence, honor, and integrity, pursuing the legal outcomes they deserve. Contact us for more information!