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In today’s fast-paced and rapidly evolving employment landscape, understanding your rights as an employee or employer is more crucial than ever. Employment litigation encompasses numerous issues, which can involve disputes between employees and employers or among employers. At McCallum, Hoaglund & McCallum, LLP, our experienced employment litigation attorneys are dedicated to helping you navigate the complexities of employment law, ensuring that your rights are protected and your interests are secured.

Employment litigation can be triggered by various circumstances, ranging from discrimination and harassment claims to wage and hour disputes or wrongful termination allegations. Regardless of the issue, it is essential for all parties involved to understand their rights and obligations under state and federal employment laws. In this educational blog post, we will explore some of the most common types of employment litigation and offer insights for preventing and resolving employment-related disputes. Topics covered will include:

1. Discrimination claims: Delving into the various types of discrimination claims that can arise, including race, age, gender, disability, and other protected characteristics. Understanding your rights and the steps involved in filing a claim are essential to ensuring fair treatment in the workplace.

2. Wrongful termination disputes: Examining the concept of wrongful termination in an at-will employment state and exploring the circumstances under which a termination may be considered illegal or actionable.

3. Wage and hour disputes: Discussing wage and hour laws, such as the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), while addressing the common grounds for disputes, including unpaid overtime, minimum wage issues, and misclassification of employees as independent contractors.

4. Harassment claims: Understanding the definition and scope of workplace harassment, including the process for reporting incidents and pursuing legal action against an alleged harasser.

5. Retaliation and whistleblower claims: Exploring the protections put in place for employees who report illegal, unethical, or discriminatory practices within their workplace and identifying the potential legal remedies available.

By gaining a comprehensive understanding of the various aspects of employment litigation, both employees and employers can better protect their rights and interests in the workplace. At McCallum, Hoaglund & McCallum, LLP, our skilled employment litigators are here to offer the guidance and support you need to navigate these complex scenarios. With over 75 years of combined experience, our attorneys are well-equipped to handle employment litigation in state and federal courts, ensuring that justice is served and that your interests are safeguarded.

Employment Litigation: Understanding Your Rights and Protecting Your Interests

The realm of employment litigation is complex and ever-evolving, with numerous potential disputes arising between employees and employers. Understanding your rights and protecting your interests in these situations is essential for maintaining fairness and justice in the workplace. In this blog post, we will delve into some of the most common types of employment litigation and provide guidance for navigating these disputes.

1. Discrimination Claims: Recognizing and Addressing Discrimination in the Workplace

Discrimination claims can involve alleged differential treatment due to race, age, gender, disability, religion, or other protected characteristics. To ensure that you understand and protect your rights in these circumstances, consider the following recommendations:

– Familiarize yourself with state and federal anti-discrimination laws, such as Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

– If you believe you have been subjected to discrimination, document the incidents and gather evidence, such as emails, performance evaluations, or witness statements that support your claim.

– Speak with your employer’s human resources department or a supervisor about your concerns, and express your wish to address and resolve the situation informally if possible.

– If informal resolution is unsuccessful, consider filing a formal complaint with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) or your state’s fair employment agency.

2. Wrongful Termination Disputes: Navigating the Dangers of At-will Employment

Although most states recognize at-will employment, which allows employees and employers to terminate the employment relationship at any time for any reason, there are still protections against wrongful termination. If you believe your termination was illegal or actionable, consider the following steps:

– Assess whether your termination was based on a protected characteristic, violated an implied or written employment contract, or was in retaliation for reporting illegal or unethical activities.

– Gather evidence to support your wrongful termination claim, including documents related to performance evaluations, disciplinary actions, or written contracts outlining the terms of your employment.

– Consult with an experienced employment litigation attorney to discuss your case and determine whether you have grounds for legal action.

3. Wage and Hour Disputes: Ensuring Fair Compensation for Work Performed

Wage and hour disputes can arise for various reasons, such as unpaid overtime, minimum wage violations, or misclassification of employees as independent contractors. To protect your rights in wage and hour disputes:

– Familiarize yourself with federal and state wage and hour laws, including the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which governs minimum wage, overtime pay, and recordkeeping requirements.

– Keep accurate records of the hours you work, including any overtime, and compare them to your pay stubs to ensure accurate compensation.

– If you identify a discrepancy or other wage and hour issue, speak with your employer and attempt to resolve the problem informally.

– If the issue remains unresolved, consider filing a wage and hour complaint with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Wage and Hour Division or your state’s labor agency.

4. Harassment Claims: Recognizing and Addressing Workplace Harassment

Workplace harassment can take many forms, including sexual harassment, racial harassment, or harassment based on other protected characteristics. To protect your rights in harassment cases:

– Understand your employer’s anti-harassment policies and reporting procedures, which should be outlined in an employee handbook or other company documents.

– Document all instances of harassment, including dates, times, locations, and a detailed description of the incident, as well as any witnesses who may provide corroborating statements.

– Report the harassment to your employer per its established reporting procedures, and work with them to address and resolve the issue.

– If necessary, consult with an employment litigation attorney to explore legal remedies that may be available, including filing a claim with the EEOC or pursuing a civil lawsuit.


Employment-related disputes can be challenging and emotionally charged, but understanding your rights and proactively addressing these issues can lead to a more equitable workplace. At McCallum, Hoaglund & McCallum, LLP, our experienced employment litigators are dedicated to providing the guidance and support you need to navigate these complex scenarios. With over 75 years of combined experience, our attorneys are well-equipped to handle employment litigation in state and federal courts, ensuring that justice is served and your interests are protected.

If you’re seeking experienced and passionate legal representation in Birmingham, AL, look no further than MHM Firm. With over 75 years of combined experience, our attorneys at law in Birmingham, AL are well-equipped to handle a wide range of legal matters, from complex business litigation to employment disputes. Contact us today to schedule a consultation and see how we can help you achieve the justice you deserve.